Golf is one of those sports that we all know and that few master at the same time. Most of us can identify it without any inconvenience. We could even name the odd famous golfer. However, few can explain what a hole in one is, a bogey, or what differentiates one golf club from another.
To solve all those doubts that have ever assailed us when listening to a news item or seeing a play, we have prepared this article with 30 common questions and their respective answers. We hope you enjoy it and above all that it will be helpful. We started.
1. What is Golf? Is it a sport?
Yes, it is a precision sport that consists of introducing a ball, with the help of clubs designed for this purpose, into a hole located at the end of a course, either with one or more strokes and following the rules established. The usual thing is to make several of these routes in each game.
2. What is the goal of Golf?
The goal of the Golf is maximum precision. That is, to introduce the ball into the hole using the fewest possible strokes.
3. Where was Golf born?
It is not known for sure what its origin is, and there are different theories. For this reason, the first established players’ association is taken as a reference. This was in Scotland in 1744. The following year, the United Kingdom created the first Golf regulations in history.
4. How long is a golf course?
The golf course does not have standardized measurements. Each golf course is different from the rest. The size will depend on the distance to be covered from each starting point to each hole in the course.
5. How many holes does a golf course have?
The most common is that they have 18 holes or courses. That is the standard number for competition, but it is also common to find smaller courses, nine holes.
A complete course can be made up of 9 or 18 holes regardless of the number of holes the course has. However, as before, in competition, there are always 18.
6. What are the characteristics of a golf course?
The golf course must be made of natural grass and be outdoors, mostly due to its size, since it usually occupies a large area.
To be considered a professional course, according to USGA (United States Golf Association) rules, the total distance of the 18 holes (measured from the start of the black marks on the teeing ground) must exceed 7,000 yards.
7. How many meters is a yard in Golf? What are 7,000 yards?
One yard equals about 0.914 meters. Seven thousand yards is 6400.80 meters.
8. What are the parts of a golf course?
Each hole is considered an independent course and comprises the starting area, the fairway, and the green, and different obstacles such as the rough (area with the highest grass), sandbar, and water hazard.
9. What is green?
It is an area of about 550 square meters located around the hole and in which the ground is very well smoothed, with excellent and very short grass, just 2 or 3 millimeters high.
The terrain in this area has a series of undulations intentionally introduced to increase the difficulty since it introduces barely perceptible slopes that influence the ball’s rolling.
10. How long is the golf hole?
One hundred eight millimeters in diameter and 100 mm deep. The golfer can recognize his position from afar; a thin flagpole about 2 meters high is placed inside it.
11. What is the tee?
The tee is the small support driven into the ground to lift the ball on the first tee shot. This support makes it easier to reach greater distances as the stick is unlikely to rub against the grass. There are tees made of wood, plastic, and rubber.
By extension, the teeing area for each hole has come to be called the tee. This area is small, horizontal, and with very short grass. The exit point is marked by pairs of bars that indicate the exact place from which you can exit. These bars change according to the categories getting closer to the hole gradually. From farther to closer are the white, yellow, blue, and red bars. From the latter come the amateur women and the lower categories from the yellow the amateur men. The blue and white ones are for professional women and men respectively.
These bars are periodically changed to prevent the output surface from being damaged by always using it in the same place.
12. What is the fairway or fairway?
It is the route between the tee, or starting point, and the green. The fairway can be more or less straight or at an angle. This area of the course has well-cut grass, although not as much as in the green area. There are also areas of higher grass, grass in its natural state, which is called rough and is intended to make the course more difficult, so golfers try to avoid these areas.
It is worth mentioning that when it comes to hitting the ball, areas of grass are often raised (called chops/divots). The player is obliged to put those grass patches back in place.
13. What types of obstacles does a golf course have?
In addition to the rough mentioned in the previous point, there are sandbanks with variable depths and positions.
There are also water obstacles, generally lagoons or artificial regattas marked with stakes of different colors depending on the position. These water hazards usually have natural vegetation that adds difficulty.
14. What is the number of strokes set for each hole?
It depends on the distance between the tee and the hole.
Between 91 and 224 meters, the number of strokes required is set at 3, between 225 and 434 meters, at four, and between 435 and 630 meters at 5.
15. How is the score in Golf?
Points are defined by the number of strokes required to get the ball into the hole. The fewer hits, the better the result.
Although the total score for a match depends on competition, it is usual to accumulate the entire game. In other words, adding all the strokes made and compensating those that have been given more in one hole with those that have been missed in another. The winner is the golfer who has used the fewest strokes in the entire competition. In the event of a tie, a series of tiebreaker holes are played.
Usually, four rounds of 18 holes are made, adding all the strokes. A cut-off point can be established in the 2nd round, and anyone who takes more than a certain number of strokes that will vary from one field to another may be disqualified.
16. What is par?
Par is the number of strokes set for a hole (question 14) or the course. Thus, if it has been established that a hole requires three strokes to play, it is said to be a Par 3 hole.
If the number of strokes to cover the 18 holes (adding the par of each hole) is 72, it is a Par 72 course.
17. What is a hole in one?
When the ball is put into the hole with a single stroke, that is, directly from the starting point on the tee.
18. What are bogey, birdie, eagle and albatross?
It is called Bogey when the course of a hole is completed with one stroke above par. That is if it is a par three hole when it ends at 4.
When two more strokes are needed, they speak of Double Bogey, and from then on, they say of strokes over par, “3 over par”, “4 over par” (also ” over par ” in English).
On the contrary, if a stroke less than par for the hole is used, it is called Birdie. Of Eagle when are two strokes less and Double Eagle or Albatros when needed three shocks low torque to finish the hole.
19. What is a handicap?
The handicap is used in amateur Golf. It is the number of more strokes that a player needs, on average, to complete around. In this way, when golfers with different play levels are against each other, the best players do not have an advantage over the rest since the latter start with an advantage stroke established by this handicap. It can be said that in Golf, the handicap is a compensation system for lower-level players.
20. How many golf strokes are there?
There are many blows, although the main ones are the following:
- Drive. It is the shot made from the starting point, long-distance, and whose intention is to bring the ball as close as possible to the green.
- Approach. Similar to the drive, although it is generally used in the second and subsequent strokes where the ball is placed directly on the ground.
- Lay-up. Stroke that seeks to travel a shorter distance than usual but with a higher degree of precision. It is usually used to avoid an obstacle in the fairway or to place the ball in a more favorable spot for the next shot.
- Chip. Very short shot taken from near the green to get close to it. It is usually done with a short rocking motion.
- Pitch. Strike somewhat longer than the previous one, and that requires more force than this.
- Bunker Shot. The stroke is used to remove the ball from a sandbar by making it pass over its edge.
- Flop. It is a chip shot in which the golfer flies the ball over an obstacle and provides the necessary spin to make it stop quickly or roll back when it hits the ground.
- Putt. The exact shot that is generally used on the green to put the ball in the hole. In this stroke, the ball is pushed to roll on the ground without getting up from it at any time.
21. What is the Golf swing? Isn’t it a hit?
The swing is not a shot itself but the swinging movement that is performed to hit the ball. It begins by lifting the stick to the side, hitting the ball, and ending the moving with the stick from behind the back.
22. What are the parts of a golf club?
The head, which is the part with which the ball is hit and whose design varies depending on the club type. They are usually made of steel or titanium, although before other materials such as wood or iron were used, they continue to give the clubs their name.
The grip (grip) is the area where the stick is held. It is usually made of rubber or leather.
The rod is the bar that joins the two last parts and has different graduations according to its stiffness and length.
23. How many golf clubs are there?
The number of different clubs is immense since they depend on the type, the angle of the face with which the ball is hit (loft), and the shaft’s length. With each one, different effects and trajectories of the ball are achieved. In general, there are five types:
Woods (which includes the Driver to make the tee shot), Irons, Hybrids, Wedges, and Putter.
24. What is each golf club for?
The Woods are used for long strokes and with the power to cover great distances.
The Hierros, for medium distances. They have greater precision than woods and within these are the Wedge, with a higher degree of inclination and which receive specific names and uses (pitching Wedge, sand wedge, gap wedge, or lob wedge).
The Hybrids are more modern clubs that have emerged in this century and combine the iron power wood precision.
The Putter is the stick with which the putt runs inside the green and also has different designs.
25. How many golf clubs are allowed in a tournament?
In official matches, a maximum of 14 clubs is allowed. Breaking this rule is penalized with disqualification.
Each golfer is free to choose which clubs they want to include in their equipment within this limit.
26. What characteristics does the Golf ball have?
It cannot be less than 42.67 millimeters in diameter or weigh more than 45.93 grams. They have small holes (or alveoli) that improve aerodynamics. And they are usually white, although there are colored ones, especially for fog cases, and they typically include labels such as the brand or a number to identify them.
27. How many holes does a golf ball have?
They are usually between 250 and 450. It must be an even number to favor symmetry since asymmetric balls represent an advantage not allowed by the rules.
28. What are the rules of etiquette in Golf?
They are a series of rules of behavior that golfers must comply with but are not part of the strict sense rules. Some rules of etiquette are:
- Do not throw the sticks when things do not go well.
- Please do not delay in playing when it is your turn.
- Do not disturb during another player’s turn.
- Repair the damage caused to the field.
29. What recognized Golf players are there?
Surely you know Tiger Woods, but there are other equally successful golfers like Jack Nicklaus, Walter Hagen, or the current Bubba Watson.
30. Is there more to know about Golf?
Of course. No sport can be told everything in a simple article. But with these concepts, you will be able to follow any Golf competition without getting lost and understanding practically all the ideas mentioned.
Has the article helped you to clarify your doubts? Are you going to dare to follow Golf from now on? And to practice it? We wait for you in the comments so you can tell us.